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Unit 1 Introduction

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

A natural resource is any form of energy that humans can use.
 

 2. 

Natural resources are objects, materials, creatures, or energy found in nature that humans can use.
 

 3. 

We need less water today than ancient people did.
 

 4. 

We classify fish and wildlife as domesticated animals.
 

 5. 

We consider fish and wildlife to be nonrenewable.
 

 6. 

About 400 vertebrate species in the United States have become extinct.
 

 7. 

The history of this country has been one of exploitation.
 

 8. 

Our soil and water resources helped establish our agricultural greatness.
 

 9. 

When the European settlers came, immature forests mostly covered the colonies.
 

 10. 

Money generated by the Duck Stamp Act helped finance numerous projects to protect and expand North American waterfowl populations.
 

 11. 

In 1626, Plymouth Colony passed America’s first ordinance controlling the price of timber.
 

 12. 

The Division of Forestry began in 2003.
 

 13. 

We now have the ability to use our resources on unbelievably large scales.
 

 14. 

Managing our natural resources for the future must become a priority.
 

 15. 

Some locations may have a limited water supply.
 

 16. 

We use more wood than what we produce.
 

 17. 

Limited resources we cannot replace or reproduce are nonrenewable or nonexhaustible.
 

 18. 

In the role of scientists, ecologists do not attempt to make decisions based on moral interpretations.
 

 19. 

Living systems are abiotic.
 

 20. 

Nonliving subsystems are biotic.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The United States has a total land area of 3,675,545 square ____.
A.
feet
C.
hectares
B.
acres
D.
miles
 

 2. 

The United States has ____ billion acres.
A.
3.1
B.
2.26
 

 3. 

____ percent of our land is covered by cities, factories, homes, highways, and other artificial structures.
A.
Two
C.
Six
B.
Four
D.
Eight
 

 4. 

Only about ____ percent of our land is usable for crop production.
A.
17
C.
10
B.
3
D.
70
 

 5. 

We have lost ____ of our topsoil to erosion.
A.
one-third
C.
all
B.
one-fourth
D.
none
 

 6. 

Which of the following is NOT one of the uses of land as a natural resource?
A.
food and fiber production
D.
urban expansion
B.
industrialization
E.
none of these
C.
highway construction
 

 7. 

Wise management of our natural resources has started to replace shortsighted ____.
A.
use
B.
exploitation
 

 8. 

The first state-administered game and fish commission began in ____ in 1865.
A.
South Dakota
C.
New York
B.
California
D.
Massachusetts
 

 9. 

The New York Sporting Club tried to promote restrictions against ____ hunters.
A.
market
B.
sport
 

 10. 

In 1933, Aldo ____ published Game Management, a book that forms the basis for what we do today in wildlife management.
A.
March
C.
Smith
B.
First
D.
Leopold
 

 11. 

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of ____ was established on June 30, 1940.
A.
Interior
C.
Defense
B.
Agriculture
D.
Wildlife
 

 12. 

Natural resources that can last forever, despite human activities, are ____.
A.
nonexhaustible
B.
exhaustible
 

 13. 

Our water supply is ____.
A.
nonexhaustible
B.
exhaustible
 

 14. 

Natural resources that human efforts can replace are ____.
A.
nonrenewable
B.
renewable
 

 15. 

We must ____ resources to make them last as long as possible.
A.
use
C.
exploit
B.
preserve
D.
manage
 

 16. 

Soil is a nonrenewable, or ____, resource.
A.
nonexhaustible
B.
exhaustible
 

 17. 

____ is a science dealing with the complex relationships among living things and their environments.
A.
Environmentalism
B.
Ecology
 

 18. 

To have a complete ecosystem, all but which of the following components must be present?
A.
transformers
C.
producers
B.
decomposers
D.
user
 

 19. 

____ are green plants that produce new food by photosynthesis.
A.
Users
C.
Decomposers
B.
Producers
D.
Transformers
 

 20. 

____ break down the organic material into their ecosystems.
A.
Users
C.
Decomposers
B.
Producers
D.
Transformers
 

Matching
 
 
Match the question with the correct response
A.
70
F.
renewable
B.
mature
G.
nonhunting public
C.
sun
H.
738 million
D.
1673
I.
2.7 billion
E.
threatened
J.
distribution
 

 1. 

Percent of Earth’s surface covered by water
 

 2. 

A water problem related to control and quality
 

 3. 

Natural resources that can reproduce themselves
 

 4. 

Satisfying their demands in a new aspect of fish and wildlife
 

 5. 

Acres of forest in the United States
 

 6. 

Species that appear to be declining
 

 7. 

Board feet of timber produced by U.S. forests
 

 8. 

Forest canopy dominated by mature, slow-growing trees
 

 9. 

Where most of our energy directly or indirectly comes from
 

 10. 

Coal first discovered in America
 
 
Match the question with the correct response
A.
conservation
F.
market hunters
B.
Soil Conservation Districts
G.
migratory waterfowl
C.
Soil Erosion Service
H.
housing
D.
one-third
I.
management
E.
forests
J.
Reagan
 

 11. 

Refers to the careful use of our natural resources to provide as much usefulness as possible to people both now and in the future
 

 12. 

People who killed birds and animals to sell their feathers, furs, and meat
 

 13. 

Migratory Bird Treaty Act was passed for their protection
 

 14. 

Sold large parcels of forest land to private owners
 

 15. 

Industry that created need for wood after World War II
 

 16. 

Our greatest renewable resource
 

 17. 

Key to the future in forestry
 

 18. 

Topsoil we have lost since the 1600s
 

 19. 

Became the Soil Conservation Service (SCS)
 

 20. 

Consists of those interested in the conservation of local soil and water resources
 



 
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